What is the limit percentage for grain loss in India?

In India, the annual losses are estimated at 12-16 mt; however, losses are much higher at traditional farms, where 60-70% of the harvested grain is kept in short term storage facilities [31] . According to estimates by the FAO, in India the general FL and FW is around 40%, but for cereals 30% [32]. …

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Subsequently, how are food grains stored in India?

In addition to conventional godowns, construction of steel silos has been undertaken in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode for modernizing storage infrastructure and improving shelf life of stored foodgrains. As on 31 October 2018, a capacity of 11.75 lakh tonnes silos has been created.

Also question is, how are food grains stored? Farmers store grains in silos (metallic bins) or granaries (jute bags) in large scale production. This is done is order to prevent damage from pests like rats and insects.

Thereof, how do you store grains for a long time in India?

Storage structures used by the farmers are

  1. Gunny bags of different capacities (35, 50, 75 and 100 kg) with or without inside.
  2. Plastic lining.
  3. Mud bins having 100 – 1000 kg capacity.
  4. Baked earthen containers of 5- 100 kg capacity.
  5. In heaps on flat floor in the corner of houses (100- 1500 q).
  6. Bamboo structures.

How much food grains are wasted in India?

India achieved a record food grain and horticultural production of 297 million metric tonnes. But the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN (FAO) estimates food loss and waste in India at around 40% while the state-owned Food Corporation of India (FCI) pegs it at 15%.

How much food is wasted every day in India?

Food Wastage in India:

Up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is wasted, according to the United Nations Development Programme, and about 21 million tons of wheat is wasted annually.

How much food is wasted in India each year?

According to the Food Waste Index Report 2021 published by the United Nations Environment Programme, 50 kg of food is thrown away per person every year in Indian homes. The problem of food waste is a relatively modern one.

How much is the storage of wheat in India?

At present, FCI has a total storage capacity of 41.19 million tons. The warehouse storage capacity of FCI in 2020–2021 was 37.45 million tons (12.93 million tons owned by FCI and 24.52 million tons hired from other agencies and private warehouses).

What are the types of postharvest losses?

Storage Pests and disease attacks, spillage, contamination; natural drying out of food 5. Primary processing, cleaning, classification, hulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, milling Process losses; contamination in process causing loss of quality.

What is grain storage losses?

Physical loss of grain in storage is the result of pest infestation (Insects, birds and rodents), microbial infection, change in moisture content, poor handling and grain respiration and microorganic/microbial consumption.

What is the percentage of food waste in India?

40 %

What is the storage capacity of FCI?

2020) with Central Pool, the total storage capacity available with Food Corporation of India (FCI), Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) and the State Agencies (both owned and hired capacity) including Covered and Plinth (CAP) storage, was

Year FCI
2019-20 (as on 03-02-2020) 1,19,164.02

Which factors affect grain during storage how do they affect them?

Four factors which greatly affect grain storability are (1) grain moisture content; (2) grain temperature; (3) initial condition of the grain; and (4) insects and molds. These factors are all interrelated.

Which state is a grain storage of India?

Sl. No. State Capacity (in LMT)
1 BIHAR 22.51
2 JHARKHAND 5.45
3 ODISHA 13.48
4 WEST BENGAL 19.24

Which types of losses are associated with storage?

Storage losses can be classified in two categories: direct losses, due to physical loss of commodities; and indirect losses, due to loss in quality and nutrition. It is important to consider both damage and losses by the insects during storage instead of just weight loss.

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