In India, the annual losses are estimated at 12-16 mt; however, losses are much higher at traditional farms, where 60-70% of the harvested grain is kept in short term storage facilities  . According to estimates by the FAO, in India the general FL and FW is around 40%, but for cereals 30% . …
Subsequently, how are food grains stored in India?
In addition to conventional godowns, construction of steel silos has been undertaken in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode for modernizing storage infrastructure and improving shelf life of stored foodgrains. As on 31 October 2018, a capacity of 11.75 lakh tonnes silos has been created.
Thereof, how do you store grains for a long time in India?
Storage structures used by the farmers are
- Gunny bags of different capacities (35, 50, 75 and 100 kg) with or without inside.
- Plastic lining.
- Mud bins having 100 – 1000 kg capacity.
- Baked earthen containers of 5- 100 kg capacity.
- In heaps on flat floor in the corner of houses (100- 1500 q).
- Bamboo structures.
How much food grains are wasted in India?
India achieved a record food grain and horticultural production of 297 million metric tonnes. But the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN (FAO) estimates food loss and waste in India at around 40% while the state-owned Food Corporation of India (FCI) pegs it at 15%.
Food Wastage in India:
Up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is wasted, according to the United Nations Development Programme, and about 21 million tons of wheat is wasted annually.
According to the Food Waste Index Report 2021 published by the United Nations Environment Programme, 50 kg of food is thrown away per person every year in Indian homes. The problem of food waste is a relatively modern one.
At present, FCI has a total storage capacity of 41.19 million tons. The warehouse storage capacity of FCI in 2020–2021 was 37.45 million tons (12.93 million tons owned by FCI and 24.52 million tons hired from other agencies and private warehouses).
Storage Pests and disease attacks, spillage, contamination; natural drying out of food 5. Primary processing, cleaning, classification, hulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, milling Process losses; contamination in process causing loss of quality.
Physical loss of grain in storage is the result of pest infestation (Insects, birds and rodents), microbial infection, change in moisture content, poor handling and grain respiration and microorganic/microbial consumption.
2020) with Central Pool, the total storage capacity available with Food Corporation of India (FCI), Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC) and the State Agencies (both owned and hired capacity) including Covered and Plinth (CAP) storage, was
|2019-20 (as on 03-02-2020)||1,19,164.02|
Four factors which greatly affect grain storability are (1) grain moisture content; (2) grain temperature; (3) initial condition of the grain; and (4) insects and molds. These factors are all interrelated.
|Sl. No.||State||Capacity (in LMT)|
Storage losses can be classified in two categories: direct losses, due to physical loss of commodities; and indirect losses, due to loss in quality and nutrition. It is important to consider both damage and losses by the insects during storage instead of just weight loss.